PHP Syllabus: What to Learn for Web Development

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely used server-side scripting language for web development.

Whether you're a beginner looking to learn PHP or an experienced developer aiming to enhance your skills, having a well-defined PHP syllabus can guide your learning journey.

In this article, we'll outline a comprehensive PHP syllabus, covering the essential topics and concepts you should explore to become proficient in PHP web development.

Beginner Level

1. Introduction to PHP

2. PHP Basics

3. Control Structures

4. Functions

5. Arrays

6. Super Global Variables

Intermediate Level

7. File Handling

8. PHP and Databases

9. Error Handling and Debugging

10. Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

11. Web Development with PHP

12. PHP Frameworks

Advanced Level

13. RESTful APIs

14. Security Best Practices

15. Composer and Dependency Management

16. Testing and Test-Driven Development (TDD)

17. Performance Optimization

18. Deployment and Hosting

19. Continuous Integration and Deployment (CI/CD)


To solidify your PHP skills, consider working on projects that involve database-driven web applications, content management systems (CMS), e-commerce platforms, or web APIs. Building real-world applications will help you apply what you've learned and gain practical experience.


This PHP syllabus provides a structured roadmap for learning PHP and becoming proficient in web development. As you progress through the beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels, you'll gain a strong foundation in PHP and related technologies, allowing you to create dynamic and secure web applications. Remember that continuous practice and hands-on projects are essential for mastering PHP and becoming a proficient web developer.