How To Fix ReferenceError: __dirname is not defined

In Node.js, __dirname is a global variable that represents the directory name of the current module. It should typically be available in any Node.js script.

If you’re encountering a ReferenceError stating that __dirname is not defined, it usually means that you’re trying to use it in a context where it’s not available, which might happen in the following scenarios:

1. Using __dirname in ES6 modules:

If you’re using ECMAScript 6 (ES6) modules (import and export), __dirname is not available directly. You can use import.meta.url and fileURLToPath to get the directory name. For example:

import { fileURLToPath } from 'url';
import { dirname } from 'path';

const __filename = fileURLToPath(import.meta.url);
const __dirname = dirname(__filename);

2. Using __dirname in the global scope:

If you’re trying to use __dirname outside of any module or function, it might not be available. Ensure you’re using it within a module or a function.

3. Transpilation or execution environment issues:

If you’re running Node.js code through a transpiler like Babel or in a non-standard execution environment, it’s possible that __dirname might not be properly supported or polyfilled.

Ensure that you’re running your Node.js script in a standard Node.js environment and that __dirname is used within a module or function scope. If you’re using ES6 modules, consider using the import.meta.url approach described above.