The Difference Between HTML Tags and Elements

In HTML, the terms “tags” and “elements” are closely related but refer to different aspects of the language. Here’s a breakdown of the differences between HTML tags and elements:

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What are Tags in HTML?

 HTML tags are the markup symbols or text enclosed in angle brackets, such as <tag>. They are used to define and describe the structure and appearance of content on a web page.

HTML tags are not visible in the rendered web page but are used by the web browser to interpret and display the content correctly.

Tags are always enclosed in angle brackets, and they come in pairs: an opening tag and a closing tag.

Examples of Tags:

  • <p>: Defines a paragraph.
  • <h1> to <h6>: Define headings with different levels of importance.
  • <a>: Creates hyperlinks.
  • <img>: Embeds images.
  • <ul> and <li>: Create unordered lists and list items.
  • <div>: Defines a container for grouping content.

What are HTML Elements?

HTML elements are made up of HTML tags and the content they enclose. An HTML element consists of an opening tag, content, and a closing tag. Elements define the structure and meaning of the content within a web page.

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<a href="https://www.example.com">Visit Example</a>
<div id="container">This is a container.</div>

In the example:

  • <p> tag defines the opening and closing tags of the “paragraph” element.
  • <a> tag defines the “anchor” element, including the link text and the URL in the href attribute.
  • <div> tag defines a container element with the ID attribute and the enclosed content.

Difference Between Tags and Elements

  • The HTML tags are used to define the start and end of an element,
  • On the other hand, the entire thing from <start-tag> to </end-tag> including content and attributes is called an HTML element.
Difference Between HTML Tags and Elements

Understanding the difference between tags and elements is essential for web developers. It enables them to create well-structured HTML documents, define content semantics, and control the presentation and behavior of web pages effectively.